Часть III, раздел 2. Чтение
Время, в течение которого желательно выполнить данный раздел: 12 минут
Инструкции к разделу 2.
В данном разделе вам предстоит прочитать текст, написанный в повествовательном стиле. По прочтение этого текста вам нужно будет ответить на несколько вопросов, к каждому из которых предлагается 4 варианта ответов. Будьте внимательны - вам нужно выбрать не просто подходящий по смыслу вариант, а тот, который наиболее полно отвечает на поставленный вопрос.
The Quakers, also called the Society of Friends, are a Christian group that arose in the mid-17th century in England and the American colonies. Quakerism came into being in England on or around 1652, when George Fox began to organize converts to preach his doctrine of "God in every man". The Friends were silent at their meetings, waiting for the "inward light". They believed people should sense God inside of themselves, without church buildings, appointed preachers, written liturgy, or many of the outward trappings associated with Christianity.
The Society of Friends is part of the left wing of the 17th -century English Puritan movement; in America, Quakers were persecuted by Puritans. Quakers experienced much official persecuted by Puritans. Quakers experienced much official persecution, including imprisonment and execution, for their belief that worship of God should be very personal. The term "Quaker" may refer to their penchant for "quaking" during religious services, or it may be a derogatory reference to supposed Quaker cowardliness and belief in pacifism.
Quakerism in the American colonies existed mainly in the northeast. The American Quaker population surged after 1682 when Quaker William Penn founded the state of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers and a "holy experiment" in religious toleration. Quakers were prominent and powerful in the Pennsylvania state government in the period before the American Revolution. During and after the Revolution, Friends concerned themselves with the plight of Native Americans. They also worked with escaped slaves and for the abolition of slavery. They continued to be known for their efforts at social reform.
13. In which of the following publications would this passage be most likely to appear?
14. The word their in line 4 refers to:
15. The word persecuted in line 10 in closest in meaning to:
16. Where in the passage does the author give an example of Quaker involvement in social issues?
17. Which of the following would be an example of "the outward trappings associated with Christianity" referred to in lines 6 - 7?
18. It can be inferred from the passage that early Quakers experienced official persecution because:
19. Why does the author mention execution in line 11?
20. The paragraph after this passage would most likely be about:
21. from the passage, it can be inferred that the Puritans were:
22. The word penchant in the line 12 most nearly means:
23. Why did the American Quaker population surge after William Penn founded Pennsylvania?
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